15th May 2019
End of Free Grants for Customs Training
The Government scheme offering free grants of up to 50% of training costs for customs training ends on 31st May. The government is strongly encouraging any business that still wish to apply (the courses can take place after 31st May) to apply before 24th May to ensure the applications can be processed by the closing deadline. This is free money with no strings attached - don't miss out on this unique opportunity!
26th April 2019
Authorised Economic Operator certification in the EU is now over 10 years old! It is therefore fitting that the World Customs Organisation (WCO) has this week started to consider the next steps for the global AEO concept which it is currently calling AEO 2.0.
Several suggestions were put forward that included potential involvement of other government agencies (OGAs) in AEO programmes, adoption of regional/plurilateral approaches to AEO programmes and mutual recognition arrangements/agreements (MRAs). Mutual recognition, or consideration in the overall risk management, of the AEO status of traders of partner countries without a formal MRA, international AEO recognition, harmonized benefit standards, expansion of the AEO landscape in terms of number of countries, number of economic operators and volume of trade being handled by AEOs. The extension of MRA benefits to service providers and intermediaries, and WCO’s greater role in potential certification of AEO programmes.
All these concepts have been discussed in meetings between trade and HMRC as improvements to what will be the UK's own AEO scheme post Brexit.
We look forward to further studies on AEO 2.0 from the WCO over the coming months and to discussing the expansion of benefits available to AEO's under the new UK AEO scheme.
Holding AEO certification is key to unlocking competitive advantage globally as well as making a step change in the professionalism of customs, compliance and security in the supply chain. Any size of company can apply and we can help you to get it right first time with least fuss and difficulty so why not start your journey today!
8th April 2019
Extension to Free Grants for Training
The UK Government has today extended the application period for training and IT grants for customs work. The new application deadline is 31st May 2019. Importers, Exporters, Freight agents and forwarders and anyone else involved in customs work can apply.
Applications must be made and a confirmation of grant offer must be received BEFORE payment is made for the training course and BEFORE the training course commences otherwise your application will be rejected.
Training courses do not have to take place before 31st May so don't delay take advantage of this free money to advance your business! Apply here
The grant will give you up to 50% of the cost of training for your employees, up to a limit of £750 for each employee on a course.
You can get up to 60% of training costs, up to a limit of £1,050 for each employee, if your business:
- employs fewer than 250 people
- has an annual turnover of less than €50 million
You can get up to 70% of training costs, up to a limit of £1,050 for each employee, if your business:
- employs fewer than 50 people
- has an annual turnover (or annual balance sheet total) of less than €10 million
Can you afford to miss out on gaining competitive advantage at a substantial discount?
1st April 2019
EU view of a Customs Union : here
All customs documentation and checks have to be undertaken, the only benefit is there would be no import duty between the EU and the UK.
15th March 2019
AEO Application changes
Organisations preparing to submit their AEO applications need to be aware that HMRC have today published details of changes to the AEO application process. See here for details.
As of 1st June 2019 all applications must be made online via the Government Gateway. You will therefore need a Government Gateway account and login in order to complete and submit your application.
Each section of the application is completed and submitted separately. You can save a draft of the partially completed application for up to 28 days. Once completed all sections of the C118 and the C117 must be submitted within 24 hours. It is suggested that you do not start the application process until you have all of the information ready and to hand.
We understand that there are some changes to the forms with questions being rationalised and amalgamated.
Paper or electronic form based applications will no longer be accepted after 31st May 2019.
Please note that the Government web page has not yet been updated but is expected to go live with links to the new application on Monday 18th March 2019.
We strongly advise clients in the later stages of their application preparation to complete the process before 31st May 2019.
For practical, realistic, cost effective help contact us today email: email@example.com (T) 0784 1133027.
We offer help with all aspects of AEO preparation, pre-audit review, application and maintenance.
Don’t forget our CILT accredited and certified AEO Certified Practitioner course (22 hours CPD) giving you the know-how to lead AEO implementation in your company!
Remember post Brexit, UK issued AEO certification will continue to be valid for UK based companies but NOT for any EU based branches or subsidiaries. Equally UK companies currently certified under an AEO registration issued from an EU country other than the UK, will need to apply for their own UK AEO certification.
12th March 2019
FREE Grants closing date
The closing date for applications for the free grants towards customs training and software is 5th April 2019. Don't miss out - apply today! The training can take place after the closing date. You need to obtain a quote for the training and then make the application. DO NOT pay for the training until you have received your confirmation of grant award letter otherwise you will be refused a grant.
8th February 2019
STOP PRESS! ACT NOW!
Applications for FREE training and IT grants for customs work (see below 4th December) CLOSE on 5th April
Don't miss out on up to 50% per delegate per course and money for hardware and software. Money available for most of our courses. Apply today!
27th January 2019
HMRC Day 1 No Deal Easements for customs work (Excludes Northern Ireland)
These are temporary solutions to ease friction at all ports and airports in the event of No Deal with the EU. A key message is that if enacted trade could then expect 12 months notice that they were to be cancelled. So not so temporary!
The major points are as follows:
Traders must get an EORI number regardless of whether or not they are VAT registered. It takes about ten minutes to complete the form on-line at .gov and you get your number in max 3 working days. No fees – Everyone involved in intra-EU trade and international trade needs to get one NOW!
To be eligible to use the easements the Traders must register for a new authorisation known as ‘Transitional Simplified Procedures’ (TSP). TSP procedures will be reviewed 3-6 months after 29th March to see how they are functioning and 12 months notice will be given of their withdrawal. To be eligible Traders must be established in the UK, have the intention to import goods into the UK from the EU and have an EORI. Traders will not be eligible if goods are imported from outside EU, are subject to Special Procedures or they have a history of non-compliance. Intermediaries are not allowed to register. HMRC will issue details of how to register for TSP shortly - we are promised a quick, easy process.
Importing EU goods via the RoRo ports:
Traders or their agents need to pre-lodge an import declaration in CHIEF which will generate a Master Reference Number (MRN) or if authorised for Entry in Declarants Records (EIDR) put an entry in their own records. The MRN or in the case of EIDR the EORI must be provided to the haulier/freight forwarder so it is known en route and driver can show it to any authorities to prove import work done.
Traders or their agents will update status in CHIEF or put another note in their own records to indicate goods ‘arrived’ at port, at which point consideration has to be given to import duty/Tax. The key easement here is traders/agents are going to be given until the close of the next working day after vehicle arrival to set this status. So no stop for the truck as it rolls off the ferry – just get on and deliver! Once the arrived status is set Importer or their agent needs a deferment account or to put goods under Special Procedures so no money need to be paid immediately, alternatively the money will need to be paid but this would be electronically away from port and have nothing to do with truck movement. Border Force might still stop the odd truck for risk-based checks but this is no different from today.
All ports / airports and all imports EU and ROW
Freight agents using their own existing CFSP authorisations (Customs Freight Simplified Procedures) for non CFSP authorised import traders are currently liable for unpaid duty and tax if the trader defaults. This is reportedly stopping freight agents from using this helpful procedure (on arrival lodge a minimal import declaration as goods arrive at port/airport and goods immediately move through port, on 4th working day of month following import lodge full details). As there is not enough time left for traders to get themselves authorised now for Day 1 the key easement is to take away the freight agent’s liability for unpaid duty and tax for goods being released to free circulation (not other customs procedures). So CFSP will be used more often and the flow of goods will be improved.
In the case of CFSP and all other customs procedures if duty and tax is not to be payable before the goods leave the port/airport the importer has to have a ‘deferment account’. In essence you give permission for HMRC to direct debit the account for any amount owing on the 15th day of the month following import. The rules require the importer to get a bank guarantee to ensure that if the account doesn’t have enough money in it on the 15th to meet the debt, the bank will instantly pay out on HMRC’s request. However to be allowed to run a deferment account importers have to meet stiff criteria, the first step of which is getting permission from HMRC to be allowed to hold a guarantee which takes up to 120 days (the Customs Comprehensive Guarantee CCG). Easement – importers will not need to meet the CCG criteria, so can apply for a deferment account without a CCG authorisation and will have until 30th June 2019 to submit the bank’s financial guarantee to HMRC to back their deferment account. Importers can still choose to apply for CCG authorisation as those with AEOC status can get a 70% reduction in the level of guarantee required from the bank. Holding a deferment account eases and speeds the flow of goods through ports and airports.
Other guarantee relaxations for Special Procedures
Currently in order to use the following beneficial special procedures:
Inward Processing (IP), Outward Processing (IP), Temporary Admission (TA), End-Use (now to be known as Authorised Use) and Customs Warehousing (CW) importers have to hold a CCG with guarantee. Easement – Importers wont need a CCG or a guarantee for these types of import. Traders will still have to be authorised to use the Special Procedure. The expectation is that current holders of Special Procedure authorisations will cancel their existing guarantees and thus save themselves some bank charges and that others will be encouraged to apply for these very helpful schemes.
Guarantees for Transit
This is governed by the CTC so a CCG will still be required or an individual guarantee for individual movements (bank, other financial institutions or cash deposit). Guarantees can take several weeks to set up so traders /freight agents need to act NOW!
Excise Statutory Instruments are starting to be published, the first one puts in place new rules and a new definition of a UK Registered Consignor for excise.
Statutory Instruments will be issued specifically for Northern Ireland.
Postponed VAT accounting for imports from EU and ROW – basically this will mean that deferment accounts (see above) will no longer have to include import VAT so guarantees can be significantly reduced and the additional SIVA authorisation will no longer be needed to take the VAT out of the guarantee. VAT will be accounted for and paid/offset on the monthly or quarterly VAT return. Clearly non-VAT registered businesses and individuals importing will have to continue as today. The SI’s introduce civil penalties for companies who misbehave. Imports of individual consignments valued at £135 or less cannot be put through postponed VAT accounting, monies will need to be paid via a deferment account in the usual way. CHIEF/CDS will have a field to be checked to indicate whether a consignment is on postponed VAT accounting or not. However, this does mean the trader will have to have the means to keep a tally of how much import VAT is to be paid so they have visibility of their liability. They will get a monthly statement from HMRC which will replace the C79.
Parcels actually means any shipment via any mode of transport that is valued under £135 including letters, packets, parcels etc. Low value consignment relief will be abolished on imports. However, for imports of parcels under £135 the overseas sellers will be liable for the UK import VAT. Overseas sellers will be required to register with HMRC or via the parcels operator (Post Office or courier etc.) who will make payment on their behalf before shipment. This will generate a unique ID (UID) which must be written on the parcel. The scheme wont apply to excise goods where the consumer remains liable for VAT. The key easement here was that the low value bulking scheme could continue to be used for the first six months of a no deal scenario.
Safety and Security Declaration
It will be the carrier’s liability if a safety and security declaration is not submitted and there will be penalties for the carrier.
4th December 2018
Application for Training and IT Grants now OPEN
The UK Government has now released full details of the Training and IT grants along with details of how to apply.
Businesses are urged to apply as soon as possible in order not to miss out on the funding.
Full details of the scheme are below - our training courses will be eligible for the training grants either as public courses or in-house training. Demand will be high so please book early to avoid disappointment. Book here .
How to make an application:
When you apply, you’ll be asked for your:
Depending on which grant you’re applying for, you’ll also need to provide some information about what you’ll use the funding for.
You’ll be asked for:
IT improvements grant
You’ll be asked for:
If your application is successful you’ll receive a grant offer letter.
After you’ve paid for the training or IT improvements, you’ll need to submit your proof of payment to receive the funding.
The grant will be paid to you within 30 days of your valid claim for reimbursement being accepted. It’ll be paid by Bacs (Bankers Automated Clearing System) to a UK bank account in the name of the person who applied.
You can apply for 2 grants to help your business complete customs declarations, in preparation for the UK leaving the EU.
You can apply to get funding for:
To apply for the training grant, your business must either:
The training must give your employees skills to:
The training does not have to lead to a formal qualification.
If you want to arrange the training internally, you can use the funding for the cost of delivering the training, like related stationery, room hire and catering.
If the training will be delivered by an in-house trainer, you can also use the funding to cover the (reasonable) day rate of the trainer.
You cannot use the funding:
The grant will give you up to 50% of the cost of training for your employees, up to a limit of £750 for each employee on a course.
You can get up to 60% of training costs, up to a limit of £1,050 for each employee, if your business:
You can get up to 70% of training costs, up to a limit of £1,050 for each employee, if your business:
To apply for the IT improvements grant, your business must:
You must use the funding to buy software that will help your business to complete customs declarations more efficiently.
It must be a ready-made solution - you cannot use the funding to commission bespoke software.
You can also use the funding to:
You cannot use the funding for unrelated networking costs.
The grant will give you up to €200,000 (the maximum amount of state aid available).
22nd August 2018
Training Grants Available from December 2018
The UK Government is offering up to £750 per delegate towards training from December 2018.
The grant will give you up to 50% of the cost of training for your employees, up to a limit of £750 for each employee on a course
The training must give your employees skills to:
To apply for the training grant, your business must either:
As soon as the link to the application website is live we will publish it here. Don't miss out on grants for our public and in-house training courses - prepare your wish list now, save the dates in your diary and get ready to apply for the grant and a place on our courses.
24th August 2018
VAT and importing goods in the event of a 'no-deal' scenario
The UK Government has published a paper giving guidance on new VAT procedures for goods being imported to the UK from EU countries and from the rest of the world. These procedures will apply in the event of a 'no-deal' scenario taking place on 29th March 2019.
In this circumstance VAT would become payable on imports to the UK from the EU just as it is now for imports to the UK from outside the EU. The Government has sought to ease the cash flow burden this will place on companies that have previously only imported from the EU by permitting the import VAT to be accounted for on the company's VAT return be that quarterly or monthly. This system is to be called 'postponed accounting for import VAT'.
In addition the UK Government will extend this new procedure to imports to the UK from outside the EU.
Full details of the procedure to be followed will be given later. Full details can be found here
23rd August 2018
Sending goods to or receiving goods from the EU in the event of a 'no deal'
The UK Government has today published a paper giving guidance on what exporters and importers will need to do to allow their goods to move to or from the EU in the event of a 'no deal' scenario taking place on 29th March 2019. Companies need to start investigating and costing their options now. This includes discussing the options and their likely impacts with their suppliers, customers, and freight/logistics providers to minimise supply chain disruption. Contracts may need to be changed to ensure they cover the new arrangements, altered INCOterms and changed responsibilities.
All exporters and importers will be required to have an Economic Operator Registration and Identification Number (EORI) this is free to obtain from HMRC. Companies should apply here . EORIs are usually issued in three working days but it would be better not to leave it to the last minute!
For all goods being exported to any of the 27 EU Members States and for all goods being received from any of the 27 EU Member States a customs declaration (customs entry) will need to be submitted via the HMRC Customs Declaration System (CDS). CDS is replacing the current HMRC CHIEF computer system. CDS is live and different types of entry are being progressively migrated from CHIEF to CDS between now and the end of December 2018.
Companies can obtain links to CDS (commercial software and authorisations from HMRC are required) so that they can lodge their own data into CDS or they can contract with companies such as freight agents, customs brokers, logistics providers etc. who will enter the data for them. Either option is likely to incur a cost.
In addition to the CDS declaration for imports a safety and security declaration will be required. There are two types of Safety and Security Declarations: an Exit Summary Declaration (EXS) and an Entry Summary Declaration (ENS). These are usually lodged by the carrier (haulier, shipping line, airline etc.). The EXS is part of the export declaration via CDS.
On arrival in the UK or in the EU goods will be required to pay import duty and VAT. The amount of import duty or VAT will be determined by the tariff code that is appropriate to the goods. In the event of a 'no deal' scenario the UK will have its own new tariff listing with its own duty and VAT rates. The 27 EU member states will retain the tariff listing they use today.
UK Companies may wish to consider using special customs procedures to delay payment, or reduce to amount of import duty and VAT payable as the goods cross the border for example:
Duty Deferment Account - delays payment of import duty and VAT for an average of 30 days after import
Customs Warehousing - duty and VAT is suspended whilst the goods are in the warehouse, if the goods are re-exported duty and VAT is not payable, if the goods are eventually imported to the UK duty and VAT would then become payable.
Inward or Outward Processing - duty and VAT is suspended whilst the goods are subject to processing in the UK, if the finished goods are re-exported or placed in another customs procedure duty and VAT is not payable, if the goods are eventually imported to the UK duty and VAT would then become payable
Temporary Admission - some goods may be imported with duty and VAT suspended for particular uses e.g. testing, trade fairs etc. providing they are re-exported in a given time frame, unchanged.
Specific Use - duty and VAT is not payable even if the goods remain in the UK so long as the goods are used in the prescribed manner
Authorised Economic Operator Status (AEO) - financial and procedural benefits are available for companies who can qualify for this status
We are able to offer training and advice on all the above issues and procedures and how they may impact and/or benefit a company.
The Government paper can be found here
Export Control in a 'no deal' scenario post Brexit
Currently any company that wishes to export an item outside of the the EU should have an export control process, the aim of which is to assess whether or not the combination of the type of item, the specific customer, the specific intended use and the final destination mean that an export licence is required. Except for a small list of items this process has not been required for exports from the UK to EU countries or vice versa.
In a 'no deal' scenario post Brexit this process would need to be applied to movements of goods from the UK to the EU and from the EU to the UK. Current regulations would continue to apply post Brexit, the only difference being that the rules would now be contained in UK law as opposed to EU regulations.
Therefore there would not be any changes in the rules for the export of military items from the UK but these rules would now apply to shipments of military items to EU countries and export licences would be needed for shipments to the EU.
In the same way the movement of dual-use items to the EU would also now need an export licence. Any existing UK export licences would no longer be valid for exporting dual-use items from EU member states and in the same way existing export licences issued by the 27 EU countries would no longer be valid for exporting dual-use items from the UK. In both cases new licences would be required to be issued by the country of export.
The European Firearms Pass would no longer be available for UK persons taking their personal firearms to the EU.
However, the exemption that currently applies to the temporary export of firearms as personal effects to the rest of the world would be extended to exports to the EU. Anyone seeking to take firearms as personal effects to an EU country would need to ensure that the destination country would also permit the re-export of the firearm.
Goods usable for torture or capital punishment would also need a licence for export to the EU or their export may be prohibited and UK companies will be forbidden from any involvement in providing brokering, training or advertising services in the EU for particular items.
For dual-use items most exporters would be able to register to use a new Open General Export Licence designed specifically for exports to EU countries. This licence would remove the need to apply for individual licences and could be used immediately following a straightforward registration process. This licence and the registration process would be available prior to 29th March 2019.
Companies requiring individual licences for exports to the EU will also be able to apply prior to 29th March 2019.
We are able to offer practical training and advice on export control.
The UK Government paper can be found here
The impact of a 'no deal' scenario on Excise goods
In the event of a 'no deal' scenario on 29th March 2019 the Excise Movement Control System (EMCS) would no longer be used to control suspended movements of excise goods between the EU and the UK.
However, the EMCS would continue to be used to control the movement of duty suspended excise goods within the UK, including movements to and from UK ports, airports and the Channel tunnel.
This will mean that immediately on Importation to the UK, businesses moving excise goods within the EU, including in duty suspension, will have to place those goods into UK excise duty suspension, otherwise duty will become payable. A business will need to declare the goods on EMCS for onward movement via a Registered Consignor.
For excise duty purposes, goods are not regarded as imported if they are immediately placed under a Special customs procedure such as customs warehousing, temporary import, inward processing etc. Businesses will need to pay excise duty when these goods are released for free circulation within the UK, unless they are immediately placed in excise duty suspension.
When exporting duty suspended excise goods to the EU, a business will need to continue to use EMCS to record the duty suspended movement from a UK warehouse or premises to the port of export. Further information can be found here
Anti-dumping etc. in the event of a 'no deal'
The UK Government has today published a paper detailing how the UK will operate anti-dumping, countervailling and other trade defense measures both in the event of a 'no deal' scenario and once we have left the EU with a deal.
A new organisation to be known as the UK Trade Remedies Authority (TRA) will be operative by the time the UK leaves the EU. The TRA will oversee and operate these trade remedies specifically for the UK and in the UK's interests.
Should a withdrawal deal be agreed with the EU, EU trade defense measures will continue to apply to UK imports until the end of the implementation period in December 2020 and the UK will remain subject to any new EU measures introduced during the implementation period. At the end of the implementation period the UK will apply its own measures via the TRA and will no longer be subject to the EU measures.
In the event of a 'no deal' all EU measures will cease to apply to UK imports from 29th March 2019. The UK will however, will apply its own anti-dumping etc. measures from 11pm on 29th March 2019. It is currently expected that 42 of the 96 currently existing EU measures will be replicated in UK law (see previous news item for link to the list of measures). Companies will need to apply to the TRA if they wish new measures to be applied. Full details of the application process can be found here
1st August 2018
Trade Defense Measures (Anti-dumping etc.) Post Brexit
A list of anti-dumping / countervailling measures that will either be maintained or terminated by the UK post Brexit has been published by the UK Government. This list will either come into effect on 29th March 2019 in the event of a 'no deal' scenario or at the end of the implementation period (December 2020) if an agreement is reached. Of the 96 EU measures currently in place only 42 will be continued by the UK post Brexit unless industry can make a case that a particular product does meet the criteria before 24th August 2018. All the other measures such as the anti-dumping duty increase for bicycles from China will be terminated with immediate effect on the day we leave the EU. The full list can be viewed here a link is also included with information for companies wishing to make representations regarding keeping a trade defense measure that is listed for termination.
Termination of the measures will mean that importers to the UK will only pay the standard amount of import duty for their imports which will in many cases represent a significant reduction in costs.
23rd July 2018
Change from CHIEF to CDS
CDS is now set to go live on 12th August 2018 with a selected group of importers, freight agents and software providers. Further importers will be added to CDS between August and November and exporters will be added by end December. The intention is that all importers and exporters will have migrated by the end of 2018. CHIEF will continue to run as a backup for some months.
If you are an importer or exporter and you have not yet had a detailed conversation with your freight agent, customs broker or logistics provider about the additional information required from you by CDS, the new codes and any software changes that will be required now is the time to do so! Standing instructions will have to change. It might also be useful to discuss what training has been given to staff and if your third parties envisage any contractual or fee changes.
16th July 2018
The Customs Bill
The real name for this Bill is the Taxation (Cross Border Trade) Bill which is an enabling bill, meaning that it does not contain all the operational details just the headline procedures. It out the new UK customs law that will replace the Union Customs Code (UCC) post Brexit. The Bill has completed the Parliamentary phase and is now with the House of Lords where it can be considered but not amended. It will then return to Parliament and the expectation is that it will receive Royal Ascent in September. All the operational detail will be contained in Statutory Instruments which are expected to be published in the Autumn.
12th July 2018
The White Paper
Known as 'The Future Relationship between the United Kingdom and the European Union' this UK Government White Paper sets out the government's view of how the UK will interact with the EU post Brexit. It should not be confused with the EU Withdrawal Act that officially removes the European Communities Act 1972 from the statute book and converts the body of existing EU law into UK law.
The White Paper contemplates two options for the future relationship 1. the 'No Deal' scenario and 2. a principled and practical Brexit. These two options replace the previous suggestions and are now the only two under discussion. The second option takes the form of an Association Agreement proposing a free trade area between the UK and the EU and includes a Facilitated Customs Arrangement. The FTA and the FCA between them would ensure no tariffs were applied between the UK and the EU and no customs declarations were required either. You can read the full document at https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/the-future-relationship-between-the-united-kingdom-and-the-european-union
14th June 2018
Mergers, Acquisitions and Export Control
The UK government has strengthened its ability to scrutinise mergers and takeovers that may raise national security concerns, through new rules that came into force from 11 June 2018.
The new rules apply to companies that are the target of a merger or acquisition and that trade in and/or export military, dual-use, computing hardware and quantum technology that are most likely to have implications for UK security.
The new rules allow ministers to intervene for public interest reasons when the target business’s UK turnover is more than £1 million thereby qualifying it for investigation by the Competition and Markets Authority.
The changes have been made to the Enterprise Act 2002.
12th June 2018
Boost for Global AEO Scheme
Singapore Customs and Australian Border Force (ABF) signed a Mutual Recognition Arrangement (MRA) of Authorised Economic Operator (AEO) programmes on 31 May 2018. Through this arrangement, Singapore companies certified as having lower risks will enjoy faster Customs clearance with reduced documentary and cargo inspections with respect to their goods exported to Australia. Likewise, Australian companies that are certified by Australian Border Force will enjoy similar facilitation for their goods exported to Singapore.
The Australia-Singapore MRA recognises the compatibility of the supply chain security measures implemented by companies certified under Singapore Customs’ Secure Trade Partnership (STP) programme and the trusted companies of the ABF’s Australian Trusted Trader programme, which are based on the WCO SAFE Framework of Standards.
6th June 2018
How to get you product exempted from USA steel and aluminium additional tariffs
The tariffs imposed under Section 232 of the US Trade Expansion Act of 1962 include provision for individual companies to seek an exemption for their products. This process is being led by the US Commerce Department. UK Government departments DIT and BEIS have been supporting UK firms to appeal for exemptions under this process and will continue to do so.
This is the process:
1st June 2018
Free Trade Agreements Post Brexit
A potential issue with the UK continuing to use EU Free Trade Agreements during the proposed Brexit implementation period has been raised. This concerns the possible reaction of the non-EU signatories e.g. South Korea for the EU-South Korea FTA. Currently any UK origin content in an item would be considered to be EU content and would therefore contribute to the item attaining EU origin status according to the rules in the FTA. Once the UK has left the EU this UK content would no longer contribute to the EU origin of an item. Depending on the rules for each tariff code within each FTA this could mean an item no longer has sufficient EU content to be considered to be of EU origin and would therefore not qualify for import duty discounts under the FTA. Companies are strongly advised to look at the origin build up of their products in order to prepare and plan for change.
22nd May 2018
The Customs Union
There has been much debate regarding the UK being a member of 'a' or 'the' customs union with the EU. Once the UK has left the EU and has become a 'third country' being a member of any kind of customs union with the EU and not being a member of a customs union makes almost no difference to the 'need to inspect' the goods at the arrival port as can clearly be seen from the slide here. Whilst as a 'third country' the UK will be free to make its own rules about goods inspections the rules currently in place in the EU will continue for the EU27.
3rd May 2018
Fulfilment House Due Diligence Scheme
From 1 April 2018 all businesses that fulfil goods for, or on behalf of, someone outside the European Union (EU) that are offered for sale in the United Kingdom (UK) must apply to register for FHDDS online.
The scheme helps HM Revenue and Customs (HMRC) to make sure that VAT and customs duty is accounted for on imported goods sold to consumers through fulfilment businesses in the UK. From April 2019, all registered businesses will need to comply with new record-keeping and due diligence standards.
You must check if your business meets all of the following criteria:
If you meet the criteria you need to Register by 30th June - there are fines for late registration
6th April 2018
Change to Duty Repayment Claims Procedure
HMRC has clarified the position for duty repayment claims.
Prior to May 2016 the law permitted the submission of incomplete applications for duty repayment and allowed them to be 'protected' for an agreed amount of time to enable the outstanding information to be submitted. This facility was also allowed where the application was based on the outcome of a future event, such as a pending court judgement. Existing claims which were protected before 1 May 2016 under will be processed on their own facts.
From May 2016 the facility to submit incomplete applications was no longer available. Under the UCC HMRC are required to :
The time limits to submit applications for repayment or remission under the UCC provisions are within:
The time limits are suspended where an appeal has been lodged against the notification of the customs debt. The suspension starts from the date on which the appeal is lodged and lasts for the duration of the appeal proceedings.
3rd April 2018
The UK Government has today confirmed the introduction of one of the toughest bans on trade in ivory of all ages. Trade will be banned in all ivory items except those with the following exemptions:
8th March 2018
The new UK Customs Bill has been published. Its correct title is the 'Taxation (Cross-Border Trade) Bill. This document sets out the legislation for how the UK will handle the movement of goods across its borders in the future (from the EU and the the rest of the world) and what customs procedures and processes will be available. It is however, only a high-level bill without much of the required detail. This detail is to follow in thousands of pages of secondary legislation to be published in April.
5th March 2018
A new version of the AEO Application Form C117 has been published by HMRC along with a new version of the guidelines for completion of the form. You can view our notes of the changes here
4th March 2018
Clandestine Civil Penalty Accreditation Scheme
This scheme run by UK Border Force reduces road haulage companies’ risk of receiving fines by making sure that they have effective systems to reduce the risk of illegal migrants hiding in their vehicles when they cross into the UK. A full list of the haulage companies currently accredited can be foundhere
6th February 2018 Customs Declaration Service
The latest update from HMRC on the implementation of CDS is now available clickhere
18th January 2018
The Consolidated List of Military and Dual-Use Goods has been updated with immediate effect. All exporters should re-assess their products against the new list. For further information and a link to the list see here
16th January 2018
Tariff code deletions
Please see attached link for details of tariff codes being deleted with immediate notice across 12 Chapters
11th January 2018
Bicycles from Sri Lanka
Anti-dumping duty (48.5%) on imports of certain bicycles produced by City Cycle Industries and consigned from Sri Lanka (whether or not originating there) has been re-imposed. Anti-dumping duty is levied in addition to ordinary import duty. This regulation takes effect from 11 January 2018. The duty applies retrospectively from 12 April 2017.
8th January 2018
An item (so-called ‘guy grip dead end’) made of 6 wires, each having a thickness of 3,25 mm. The wires are of galvanised cold drawn carbon steel. The wires run parallel to each other and are covered by a zinc coating. They are loosely twisted throughout their length and are bent to form a ‘U’ shape.
The article is to be classified under CN code 7326 20 00 as other articles of iron and steel wire.
Classification under heading 7312 as stranded wire, ropes, cables, plaited bands, slings and the like is excluded because the article is not closely twisted until is it mounted on the telegraph pole.
27th November 2017
Customs Comprehensive Guarantee Questionnaire
The questionnaire is now available on-line here
Applicants do not need to complete the questionnaire if they currently hold AEO(C) or AEO(F) certification or if the application is only for a new deferment guarantee.
6th November 2017
The Statistical Threshold allows simplified export declarations to be made for goods valued below the statistical threshold using export Customs Procedure Code 1000097, and, for Memorandum of Understanding approved operators, to use CPC’s 1000067 and 1000077 along with supplementary declaration CPC 1000007. It can also be used for imports of goods under Merchandise in Baggage. The non-EU statistical threshold is defined in legislation as 1,000 EUR (in value) or 1,000kg (in net mass). The value aspect of the statistical threshold for the UK in 2018 will remain at £873.
26th October 2017
The gift allowance for the UK in 2018 will remain at £39. It should be noted that gifts may not be sourced and sent direct from retail stores (actual or online), as this isn’t allowed within the gift relief protocols as all consignments must be of a non-commercial nature.
Low Value Consignment Relief (LVCR)
The LVCR limit will remain at £15 for 2018. Goods with an intrinsic value of £15 or less do not incurr import VAT. Commercial consignments sent to the UK from the Channel Islands do not benefit from relief of import VAT.
10th October 2017
HM Treasury Customs Bill – White Paper
This White Paper sets out the government’s approach to legislating for a future customs regime, and to creating a framework that supports intra-European trade.
As well as providing for implementation of a negotiated settlement with the EU – (the government’s preferred outcome) – the Bill provides for a range of other possible outcomes. The White Paper therefore also sets out how the government would manage leaving the EU without an agreement on customs, in the event of no deal being reached.
The paper can be found here
9th October 2017
Preparing for our Future Trade Policy post BREXIT
The UK Government has issued a new paper detailing how the UK can maximise our trade opportunities globally and across all countries – both by boosting trading relationships with old friends and new allies, and by seeking a deep and special partnership with the EU.
This paper has two parts: the first part outlines the world in which the UK trades and the role of trade in an economy that works for everyone. The second part outlines the basic principles that will shape the UK’s future trading framework, and the Government’s developing approach to trade policy.
It envisages 5 key steps:
Trade that is transparent and inclusive
Supporting a rules-based global trading environment
Boosting our trade relationships
Supporting developing countries to reduce poverty
Ensuring a level playing field – a UK approach to trade remedies and trade disputes
The full paper can be found here
15th August 2017
Future Customs Arrangements post BREXIT
We welcome the UK Government paper detailing its vision for customs arrangements post BREXIT. That this is the first paper in a series of documents only serves to emphasise what we have always held true in that customs procedures are of critical importance to the future prosperity of the UK. Two options are proposed:
1. Using existing tried and tested procedures for trade with third countries plus innovative facilitations to ensure as frictionless a border with the EU as possible and
2. Negotiating a new customs partnership with the EU where imports of goods destined for the EU which are transiting via the UK would be imported ‘mirroring’ the EU’s requirements.
Morley Consulting has always emphasised the importance of the Authorised Economic Operator certification scheme (AEO) to future frictionless trade and this government paper also highlights the benefits under both options for companies holding AEO status.
AEOs are seen as crucial to reduce pressure and risk of delays at UK ports and airports. This makes it all the more important for companies to start the process to achieve AEO now, as reaching the internal compliance level required to become ‘trusted’ takes time prior to application.
AEO status is also vital for easy movement across the Irish land border post BREXIT.
The full paper is available here
Details of AEO training are available here
13th July 2017
Proposal for New Import Licencing Requirements
The European Commission has today put forward new rules to clamp down on the illegal import and trafficking of cultural goods from outside the EU, often linked to terrorist financing and other criminal activity. The proposal for a Regulation will now be submitted to the European Parliament and the Council of the EU. The Commission hopes that this will be swiftly adopted in the co-decision process.
The new rules foresee a number of actions which should ensure that the importation of illicit cultural goods becomes much more difficult in the future:
A new common EU definition for 'cultural goods' at importation which covers a broad range of objects including archaeological finds, ancient scrolls, the remains of historical monuments, artwork, collections and antiques. The new rules will apply only to cultural goods that have been shown to be most at risk, i.e. those at least 250 years oldat the moment of importation;
The introduction of a new licensing system for the import of archaeological objects, parts of monuments and ancient manuscripts and books. Importers will have to obtain import licences from the competent authorities in the EU before bringing such goods into the EU;
For other categories of cultural goods, importers will now have to go through a more rigorous certification system by submitting a signed statement or affidavit as proof that the goods have been exported legally from the third country
Customs authorities will also have the power to seize and retain goods when it cannot be demonstrated that the cultural goods in question have been legally exported.
Full press release can be found here
12th July 2017
Good news for exporters as new Government initiative makes more financial help available to businesses who wish to export.
Crucially support has been extended to companies in the supply chain who support exporters.
This will allow thousands of companies in manufacturers’ and service providers’ supply chains to access contract bonds and working capital loans with the government’s guarantee.
Further information is available here
16th June 2017
The UCC Implementing Regulation (IA) has been amended and corrected with an effective date of 14th June 2017.
Long Term Supplier’s Declaration of Preferential Origin – the template has been amended to show 3 dates;
1.the date of issue;
2.the date of commencement of the period (start date), which may not be more than 12 months before or more than 6 months after the date of issue;
3.the date of end of the period (end date), which may not be more than 24 months after the start date
This amendment means that it is now possible for a Long Term Supplier’s Declaration to be issued for shipments undertaken prior to the issue date of the Declaration.
The maximum validity period for a Long Term Supplier’s Declaration is set at 24 months.
Transition arrangements for the REX system
When working with a preferential agreement where it is a requirement to register with the REX system for consignments valued over EUR6000 (or whatever value threshold is stated in the particular preferential agreement) exporters may continue to use their Approved Exporter Number on documents without the need for a signature until they complete registration on REX or until 31st December 2017 whichever is the sooner.
Alterations to TIR Carnet guarantee
Article 163 of Implementing Regulation (EU) 2015/2447 determines the limit up to which any guaranteeing association in the Union customs territory may become liable in relation to a particular TIR operation. The amount of covered guarantee has been amended from EUR 60 000 to EUR 100 000 per TIR carnet.
Rules for designating the Office of Exit under the Transit procedure
Article 329(8) has been deleted. It provided for certain exceptions from the general rule determining the customs office of exit for the export of goods that are subsequently placed under a transit procedure. Due to a renumbering error, Article 329(8) mistakenly referred to paragraph 4 of that same Article but the intention was never to provide for an exception for the goods that are loaded onto a vessel that is not assigned to a regular shipping service.Full details of the amendments can be found at here
5th April 2017
The status of Tonga and the Ukraine has been updated under the GSP regime. You need to ensure your processes and procedures reflect the changes.
Tonga - In 2013, 2014, 2015 Tonga was classified by the World Bank as an upper middle income country and therefore was to be removed from the list of GSP beneficiary countries in Annex II of EU Regulation 978/2012 with effect from 1 January 2017.
However in 2016 Tonga was classified by the World Bank as a lower middle income country. Therefore it has been re-instated to the list of GSP beneficiary countries in Annex II of EU Regulation 978/2012 with effect from 1 January 2017.
Therefore there has been no interruption to Tonga’s entitlement for eligible goods to benefit from GSP preference.
Tonga has informed the European Commission it is to implement Registered Exporter (REX) system with effect from 1 January 2017
Ukraine - The deep comprehensive free trade agreement between the EU and Ukraine took effect from 1 January 2016. As it provides better tariff preferences than the GSP for substantially all trade, Ukraine will be removed from the list of GSP beneficiary countries from 1 January 2018
If you believe you have paid full duties on goods eligible for preference you can submit a claim for repayment (C285) to the HMRC National Duty Repayment Centre
30th March 2017
HMRC publish performance statistics which can be quite a reality check for those who are not closely involved in Customs work. Take a look at February’s stats here
25th March 2017
SPIRE replacement testing
The Export Control Organisation is looking for more volunteers to test elements of the system replacing SPIRE. Now is your chance to ensure the new system is fit for purpose! Information on how to get involved can be found here
HMRC has released new data on exports by region details can be found here
15th March 2017
The Export Control Order 2008 has been amended to reflect new rules concerning goods & drugs which could be used for cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment. Internal processes, procedures and guidelines should be updated accordingly. Full details can be found here
14th March 2017
ISO 8559 series updated
These standards for clothing manufacturers have been revised to take into account current changes in the sector and to harmonize size marking worldwide.
13th March 2017
Changes to Excise Duty
Details of changes to Excise duty following the Budget can be found here
Systems, processes and procedures need to be updated accordingly.
8th March 2017
Tariff classification of Thumb grips for a game console controller
Thumb grips for a game console controller measuring approximately 20 millimetres (mm) in diameter and 6mm in height. Made of elastic silicone (plastics) with an anti-slip surface. They are equipped with a self-adhesive aluminium profile, cut to the design of the support. These grips are used as caps on the joysticks of a game console controller. Classified as 3926 90 97 as they are neither adapting the game controller for a particular operation, nor increasing its range of operations, nor performing a particular service relative to the main function of the game controller or of the game console
6th March 2017
We are pleased to announce that Morley Consulting has become an Associate Member of BIFA with immediate effect.
Revised Triggers for UCC Re-Authorisation
HMRC has further revised the triggers that will force a trader to apply for revised authorisation or guarantees for Special Procedures such as IP and OP. Where possible the triggers have been reduced to allow traders to make use of their existing authorisations for longer. Full details are available here
4th March 2017
Address changes for HMRC
As part of HM Revenue and Custom’s (HMRC) digital programme they have centralised their postal mail facility which has produced changes to addresses. It is important to note that most mail will now be scanned off site with the electronic files being sent to the relevant departments. This scanning process means that time sensitive submissions should be sent earlier to ensure they are received on time. Full details of the different addresses and what to do with original documents that you need returned can be found here
1st March 2017
Open General Export Licences
The Export Control Organisation (part of the Department for International Trade) has amended some of the Open General Export Licences. Please see here for details
Business Collaboration Standard
A new standard: ISO 44001:2017 Collaborative business relationship management systems - requirements and framework, has been published designed to help business collaborate successfully. The standard can be applied at multiple levels from single projects to multi organisation business relationships.
24th February 2017
The anti-dumping duty legislation that has levied additional duty on imports of bicycles and bicycle parts from China has been amended to remove or suspend some suppliers thus significantly reducing the amount of duty payable on imports of their products. Full details can be found here
A new edition of the consolidated list of strategic military and dual-use Items that require export authorisation has been published. Now is the time to review and update your internal product lists and procedures to take into account any changes that affect you. The list can be found here
23rd February 2017
Congratulations to the International Standards Organisation on their 70th anniversary today. Read more about the organisation here
22nd February 2017
The Trade Facilitation Agreement
The Trade Facilitation Agreement (TFA) has been implemented today as it has now been ratified by more than 110World Trade Organisation (WTO) member countries. This agreement will allow countries to benefit from more international trade by cutting the burdensome red tape associated with exporting and importing goods. UKInternational Trade Secretary, Dr. Liam Fox, has stated that ‘studies suggest the Agreement, which largely concerns the cost of clearing goods for import and export – will greatly reduce costs, time and the number of documents required for goods to cross borders. They also suggest the TFA could add over £70 billion to the global economy, of which the UK is expected to benefit by up to £1 billion and could reduce worldwide trade costs by between 12.5% and 17.5%.’ In brief as a result of the TFA, those countries that have ratified will be required to:
16th February 2017
Changes to address
Exporters can send Export Accompanying Documents (EAD) to HM Revenue and Customs (HMRC) using a new freepost address for indirect export movements from another Member State, where the UK is the Office of Exit and is discharging the EAD.
The new address is:
3rd February 2017
Exclusions from GSP
GSP preference will be suspended from 1 January 2017 until 31 December 2019 for the following:
Country GSP section (Article 2(j) Description
of GSP regulation
India S-5 Mineral products
S-6a Inorganic and organic chemicals
S-14 Pearls and precious metals
S-15a Iron, Steel and articles of iron and steel
S-15b Base metals (exclude iron and steel), articles of base metals (exclude articles of iron and steel)
S-17b Motor vehicles, bicycles, aircraft and spacecraft, ships and boats
Indonesia S-1a Live animals and animal products excluding fish
S-3 Animal or vegetable oils, fats and waxes
Kenya S-2a Live plants and floricultural products
Ukraine S-3 Animal or vegetable oils, fats and waxes
S-17a Railway and tramway vehicles and products
2nd February 2017
UK Government Brexit White Paper
The UK Government have published the promised white paper setting out their strategy for the UK negotiations to leave the EU.
Read the White paper here
1st February 2017
UK Parliament Brexit Vote
Members of the UK Parliament passed the European Union (Notification of Withdrawal) Bill by 498 to 114 votes following two days of debate. The Bill allows the Government to invoke Article 50.
The Bill will now go into the Committee stage where amendments will be discussed before it moves on to House of Lords consideration.
You can read the Bill here
26th January 2017
Celebrating International Customs Day 2017
This year’s theme is ‘Data Analysis for Effective Border Management’. HMRC and the UK Border Force have indicated that they intend to enhance their current levels of targeted, intelligence led interventions for those considered to be either negligently or deliberately opening their international supply chains to risk. Post BREXIT managing to ensure that the majority of shipments pass through ‘non-risky’ supply chains will be key to achieving the country’s global trade ambitions. Find out more here
Imports of Concrete
Due to changes to anti-dumping regulation the following tariff codes have been deleted from the UK tariff listing with immediate effect -7214 1000 00, 7214 3000 00, 7214 9110 00, 7214 9190 00, 7214 9910 00, 7214 9971 00, 7214 9979 00, 7214 9995 00. They have been replaced with new codes. Please ensure you update your systems and use the new codes with immediate effect.
Changes to Open General Licences
The Export Control Organisation which is part of The Department for International Trade has advised that 13 open general export licences (OGELs), two open general transhipment licences (OGTLs) and an open general trade control licence (OGTCL) have been updated. The new OGEL’s will take effect from the 31stJanuary 2017. Details can be found here. Please ensure you understand the changes and how they apply to your business.
24th January 2017
UK Supreme Court Ruling on Brexit
The UK Supreme Court have issued their ruling on whether the UK Government can enact Article 50 without a Parliamentary Act.
8 to 3 majority rules that the Government cannot trigger Article 50 without an Act of Parliament.
When the UK withdraws a source of UK law is cut off and changes are made to individuals rights.
The court has also ruled that the Government does not have to consult the Devolved Parliaments.
The full ruling is available here
23rd January 2017
US withdraws from TPP
President Trump has signed the order to withdraw the US from the Trans-Pacific Partnership trade deal. He has also indicated that he plans to either re-negotiate or completely scrap the NAFTA trade deal between the US, Mexico and Canada.
18th January 2017
Voice ID for HMRC services
HMRC are seeking to make it quicker and easier for customers to access their services by reducing the effort required for security. This month see the introduction of voice recognition services for customers phoning the tax credits and Self Assessment helplines with customers being encouraged to enrol for the voice identification (Voice ID) by speaking a security phrase five times. This phrase is then spoken and used to automatically perform over 100 element comparisons to determine the callers identity when phoning in to the services, reducing the number of security steps needed.
Users of HMRC's mobile app are already able to use fingerprint recognition to access services on compatible phones/devices.
17th January 2017
PM Mays Brexit Plan
The 'Plan for Britain'
1. Provide certainty about the process of leaving the EU
We will provide certainty wherever we can.
2. Control of our own laws
Leaving the European Union will mean that our laws will be made in Westminster, Edinburgh, Cardiff and Belfast.
3. Strengthen the union between the four nations of the United Kingdom
A stronger Britain demands that we strengthen the precious union between the four nations of the United Kingdom.
4. Maintain the Common Travel Area with the Republic of Ireland
We will deliver a practical solution that allows the maintenance of the Common Travel Area with the Republic of Ireland.
5. Control of immigration coming from the EU
Brexit must mean control of the number of people who come to Britain from Europe.
6. Rights for EU nationals in Britain and for British nationals in the EU
We want to guarantee rights of EU citizens living in Britain & rights of British nationals in other member states, as early as we can.
7. Protect workers' Rights
Not only will the government protect the rights of workers set out in European legislation, we will build on them.
8. Free trade with European markets through a free trade agreement
We will pursue a bold and ambitious Free Trade Agreement with the European Union.
9. New trade agreements with other countries
It is time for Britain to get out into the world and rediscover its role as a great, global, trading nation.
10. The best place for science and innovation
We will welcome agreement to continue to collaborate with our European partners on major science, research and technology initiatives.
11. Co-operation in the fight against crime and terrorism
We will continue to work closely with our European allies in foreign and defence policy even as we leave the EU itself.
12. A smooth orderly Brexit
We believe a phased process of implementation will be in the interests of Britain, the EU institutions and member states.
PM May stated that the Brexit vote was the 'moment we voted to embrace the world' and to become a 'truly global Britain'.
She comfirmed that she wanted the UK to be able to trade as freely as possilbe with the EU but that 'partial membership or associate membership or anything that leaves us half-in or half-out' was not acceptable. We will therefore not be members of the Single Market post Brexit.
Instead she will lead the UK to be one of the firmest advocates of free trade anywhere in the world and will persue a bold, ambitious Free Trade Agreement with the EU.
PM May wants tariff free trade with the EU, not to be bound by the Common External Tariff and to lodge our own tariff with the WTO. This will mean negotiation regarding the UK's place in the Customs Union to acheive an agreement but at this point she has no preconceived position regarding the shape of any such agreement but it may mean leaving the Customs Union.
She was also clear that she did not want an 'indefinite' transitional period. She wants an agreement to be reached by the end of the two years negotiation post lodging Article 50 in March and then a period of phased implementation to prevent a 'disruptive cliff edge'.
She also warned the EU that no deal was preferable to a bad deal for Britain as the UK would then be free to trade globally as it wished.
12th January 2017
All export licensing pages on .gov have been revised and moved. If you have bookmarks you will need to change them. Click on this link to access the new pages click here
New Registration requirement
The EU has now made imports of certain hot-rolled flat products of iron, non-alloy or other alloy steel originating in Russia and Brazil subject to registration. This means that should anti-dumping duty be allocated to these products (a decision is awaited) it can be applied retrospectively to registered products. Importers need to adopt contingency plans to ensure they are covered for the possible additional import duty.
Full details can be found here
9th January 2017
Importing Solar Panels
Imports from the following two companies are now subject to both anti-dumping duty and countervailing duty:
Ningbo Huashun Solar Energy Technology Company Limited AD 36.2% CD 11.5%
Jiangsu Seraphim Solar System Company Limited AD 41.3% CD 6.4%
Tariff codes concerned are:
8541 4090 21
8541 4090 22
8541 4090 23
8541 4090 29
8541 4090 31
8541 4090 32
8541 4090 33
8541 4090 39
6th January 2017
Registered Exporter Database
The global transition period has begun which moves traders from the present system of origin certification to the new EU REX system, initially for GSP shipments. The transition period will last until 30th June 2020. As each set of countries implement REX the Form A certificate of preferential origin will be phased out and will be replaced with declarations on commercial documents.
Traders are reminded that registering for REX does not mean that the registered company has been vetted in any way regarding the validity of any origin statements it provides. Traders are expected to conduct their own due diligence before relying on such statements.
It should be noted that post BREXIT the UK may or may not remain part of the EU GSP origin system of preferences. Traders should therefore consider their strategic position in the event that the UK is outside the system and without a replacement option or has a new system in place.
The following countries will apply the REX system from 1st January 2017:
Democratic Republic of Congo
Central African Republic
Sao Tome & Principe
The following countries have indicated they will operate the REX system from 1st January 2019
VAT Rate Decrease
From 1st January 2017 the Romanian VAT rate has been decreased from 20% to 19%. Traders are advised to ensure any systems that hold this data are suitably amended.
Chapter 9404 Bedding and Furnishings stuffed internally with any material has been clarified to indicate that ‘stuffed internally with any material’ includes material of any thickness.
Chapter 8504 Electronic components that supply power to motor vehicles – specifically an electronic control unit (ECU) which supplies power to the xenon headlights of motor vehicles when the headlights are turned on by firstly converting the direct current 12 volts from the on-board electrical system into 1200 V DC and transmitting it to the igniter and then converting the DC into AC to light the lamps and continuously generates the voltage required to keep the lights burning. Classification of this device is 85044090 other static converters.
The following countries have been removed from the GSP scheme with effect from 1st January 2017:
Samoa is removed from the Everything But Arms ‘EBA’ listing from 1st January 2017.
Practical, pragmatic advice and training
Tel: +44 (0)7841133027
Content copyright 2018. MORLEY-CONSULTING.CO.UK. All rights reserved.